The First Nations Information Governance Centre (FNIGC) is Canada’s premier source of information about First Nations people living on reserve and northern communities. An incorporated non-profit operating with a special mandate from the Assembly of First Nations’ Chiefs in Assembly (Resolution #48, December 2009), FNIGC is committed to improving the health and well-being of First Nations people living in our 633 communities across the country.
FNIGC carries out a wide-range of work including research, certification and training, but our chief responsibility is the administration of two national surveys with our Regional Partners: the First Nations Regional Health Survey (FNRHS, or RHS) and the First Nations Regional Early Childhood, Education and Employment Survey (FNREEES, or REEES).
The RHS was established in 1997 and is the only First Nations-governed national health survey in Canada. It collects information about First Nations health based on Western and traditional understandings of health and well-being.
The REEES, which launched in November 2013 in 250 First Nations communities, will collect a wide-range of information about First Nations children (0 to 11), youth (12 to 17) and adults (18 years and older). When it is completed it will provide a comprehensive understanding of the challenges and opportunities facing First Nations communities.
FNIGC is also home to OCAP™, a set of First Nation-designed principles and standards which guide how research on First Nations people should be conducted. OCAP™ (which stands for ownership, control, access, and possession) is a set of principles that guarantees First Nations control data collection processes in their communities and that they own, protect and control how their information is used.
FNIGC recognizes that real change can come through sound policy-making, but only if it’s supported by quality information — information that is collected by First Nations people for First Nations people.